The United Kingdom has become the first country to validate the principle of marketing a vaccine against Covid-19 and several countries, such as France, are currently working on their future vaccination schedule. The acceleration is spectacular, but citizens’ mistrust is great. According to several surveys, 50% of French people are reluctant or even opposed to the vaccine. The phenomenon is not new in our country. Is this also the case elsewhere in the world? We take you to Italy, USA, China and Germany.
In Italy, the anti-vaccine movement is quite strong, about 40% of the population. As in many countries in southern Europe, this opposition risks complicating the vaccination campaign against the coronavirus which is supposed to start there at the end of January. Like St. Thomas, Italians only believe what they see, so they prefer to wait before getting vaccinated. And it is not certain scientists who will reassure them. The most famous, the one who managed to contain the first outbreak of Covid-19 in Veneto, Professor Andrea Crisanti, said that he would not be vaccinated, in the current state of knowledge. Bronca immediate in the media.
But once again, these scientists are promoting themselves. According to the survey of an analysis firm which has just been published, Professor Crisanti is the most publicized and the most incoherent too. Many experts use the media to promote themselves. A drift exacerbated by mutual accusations. There is nothing better to stir up trouble in an already confused time.
In Germany, nearly 400 vaccination centers for Covid-19 are being set up from scratch to start the campaign at the end of December. Skepticism is lower, but the anti-vaccine movement still exists and represents about 15% of the population. He made an alliance with the anti-mask movement. Which is quite strange because these are two quite different populations. There are a lot of parents, fans of yoga, of alternative medicine, alternative people from the radical left, sometimes people with a rather “baba cool” style. In short, they are not all conspiracy theorists, like those, for the most part, who constitute the ranks of the anti-masks. These are people who express concern about vaccination, not necessarily rejection of it. And in this anti-vaccine movement, we must clarify one last thing, there is a broad spectrum of the right, all the same. And that is what allows this junction in the street with the rather radical right-wing movement of anti-masks.
In Germany, this is something that worries the government and a note from the German intelligence services attests to it. They say that we must very quickly protect the entire logistics chain of transporting future vaccines. We must also protect, say the intelligence services, the laboratories that manufacture this vaccine in Germany, such as CurVac or BioNtech, because there could be demonstrations, but also, they say, attacks.
In the USA, where the epidemic is soaring with a record number of deaths in recent days, supporters of Donald Trump are very anti-mask. But the anti-vaccine movement goes far beyond the president’s supporters. Skepticism affects half of the population. The one against measles is a good example of this distrust. It is a vaccine which, to be effective, must have a vaccination rate of 95%. And for three years here in the United States, this rate has been falling. It’s about 94%, sometimes even 89% in some rural states like Kansas.
All this is relayed by the very anti-science speech of Donald Trump, who has also been contesting the result of the presidential election for a month and speaks of conspiracy. We find all these theories on extremist sites like QAnon. And sometimes even, all this is relayed by personalities that one would imagine rather on the other side. Kennedy’s nephew was still in Germany last August to attend a meeting of anti-vaccine and pandemic deniers.
In China, where the Covid-19 virus first appeared, vaccination has already started to forcefully. A million people have been vaccinated and the people don’t really have a say. But that does not prevent part of the population from asking questions. There is no structured movement like in the West, against the vaccine, because the right to regroup is very limited and even prohibited.
So how many are there to be opposed to vaccination? It is difficult to estimate it, but for example, among the parents of pupils, it is not uncommon to find fathers and mothers opposed to the fact that the 11 compulsory vaccines from birth are required at registration. in kindergarten and elementary school. We can also refer to a survey published in 2018 by the Phoenix Television website, based in Hong Kong, which says that 24% of those questioned are opposed to non-compulsory vaccines. What will the anti-Covid vaccination campaign reveal in China? So far, almost one million Chinese have been vaccinated as part of the emergency use procedure.