Today, hair transplant surgery has become one of the most common cosmetic surgeries in the world. Level Complications of hair transplantation, Is much less than other cosmetic surgeries. However, this surgery can also lead to very serious and dangerous complications if you do not follow the necessary tips and skills of the surgeon, and do not use the appropriate device and method. However, many of the possible side effects of hair transplants are common, low risk, and easy to manage. Hair transplant surgery techniques are very advanced today. The complications of these surgeries are much lower than in the past, and also the much more natural appearance of the implanted hair is made possible by more modern methods and devices. However, some people still refuse hair transplant surgery for fear of possible complications.
It should be noted that there is a possibility of side effects and complications after any surgery, including hair transplant surgery. But many of these complications are preventable or easily treatable if they occur. With the great development of new hair transplant devices and methods, the possibility of causing these complications has been greatly reduced. Also, by choosing the right clinic and hair transplant by an experienced surgeon, the possibility of these complications is greatly reduced. Here are some possible side effects of hair transplant surgery.
Common side effects of hair transplants
Possible and common complications of hair transplant surgery include the following:
- the pain
- Clear scar
- Inflammation of the hair follicles or folliculitis
- Shell formation
Pain after hair transplantation
Postoperative pain, in many patients, develops after surgery. Pain, especially in the FUT or Follicular Unit Transplant method, is more and more common than other methods. Because in this method, the possibility of cutting and damaging the peripheral nerves is very high. In this procedure, the surgeon removes part of the scalp in the form of a thin strip and then sutures the scalp.
At Hair transplantation by SUT methodRemoval of about 3,000 hair follicles takes 6 to 8 hours. Depending on the patient’s sitting position and position during this time period, muscle pain may occur. For this reason, short breaks are needed during surgery. Injections of painkillers during hair transplants, and the use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are used to reduce pain.
Swelling after hair transplantation
Edema and swelling are the most common complaints and complications in patients after hair transplantation. About 40 to 50% of patients develop this complication after surgery. Edema is caused by injections of anesthetics and trauma and injury during surgery.
Tissue edema begins immediately after surgery, and can be detected 3 to 5 days later, when it affects the forehead. Edema from hair transplant surgery may affect the area around the eyes, and may even cause ecchymosis and bleeding in the area around the eyes. This edema can become so severe that it can interfere with the patient opening the eyes. To reduce edema, the patient should be asleep after surgery. The use of massage, cold compresses, systemic steroids and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are effective in reducing postoperative edema.
Careful planning and design of the hair transplant area greatly reduces the risk of asymmetry. Among the causes of asymmetry, we can mention the inappropriate design of the hair growth line on the forehead and the mismatch between the volume of hair on both sides of the head. Many of these symptoms of hair transplantation can be prevented by choosing the right surgeon and clinic. At Negarin Clinic, hair transplant design is done with great care, taking into account a variety of possible characteristics to achieve the best and most natural result.
Bleeding after hair transplantation
Many arteries are responsible for supplying the blood needed by the scalp, but despite the high vascular supply, the chances of bleeding following a hair transplant are very low. In rare cases, bleeding may occur after surgery and after leaving the clinic. Putting and applying sterile gauze for about 15 minutes is very good in stopping and reducing the risk of bleeding. In preoperative examinations and tests, patients should be evaluated for coagulopathy and diseases that increase the risk of bleeding, including aspirin, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, vitamin E, alcohol, anabolic steroids, and other anticoagulants.
To reduce the risk of bleeding, topical minoxidil, and smoking and other tobacco products should be discontinued at least 2 weeks before surgery. Bleeding during surgery is rare and can be easily controlled with epinephrine injections.
Scars and scars
Clear scarring in the follicle donor area is one of the most common complaints of patients after hair transplant surgery. At FUT hair transplantIt is possible to create a clear linear scar on the back of the head. In the FUE method, it is possible to create a scar by inserting a puncture many times.
Folliculitis or inflammation of the hair follicles
Inflammation of the hair follicles, or folliculitis, is inflammation of the follicles due to infection, physical damage, or exposure to chemicals. Folliculitis can occur in both the transplant site and the follicle donor area. Folliculitis is treated with antibiotic ointment and warm compresses for 15 minutes, 3 times a day.
What are the dangerous side effects of hair transplant surgery?
More serious but less common side effects of hair transplants include:
- Hypertrophic scars and colloid formation
- Granulomatous reaction
- Pyogenic granuloma
Colloid or hypertrophic scar
Colloid or hypertrophic scar is a rare lesion, which may occur after hair transplant surgery. The cause of this lesion is an abnormal response to skin damage, which is characterized by the accumulation and formation of large amounts of collagen. This lesion may occur months or even years after hair transplantation. People who have a history of colloid, or who are at higher risk for developing it based on family history, age, and race, should be aware of the potential risk of developing colloid before surgery.
Infection from hair transplant surgery is very rare due to the very arteries of the scalp. Serious infections occur in less than one percent of patients and are most often associated with poor hygiene. Many things play a role in preventing infection, such as a clean operating environment, the use of sterile equipment and methods, and the use of appropriate antibiotics shortly before surgery to prevent possible infections.
Sometimes, very nervous and anxious patients suffer from syncope and fainting during surgery, however, simple measures, such as holding the patient’s foot, often solve the problem.
Transplant necrosis is a rare but very dangerous complication following hair transplantation. This complication occurs during surgery due to damage to the graft arteries. Factors to predict the likelihood of developing this complication include: Patient-related factors: Smoking: Atrophic skin lesions, Diabetes mellitus, scarring at the transplant site, or a history of previous surgery in that area. Some technical factors are also involved in the occurrence of this complication, such as the skill and experience of the surgeon.
How to prevent possible complications from hair transplantation?
In addition to careful pre-surgery evaluation and post-hair care care, choosing the right clinic and surgeon is also important for safe and successful surgery. At Negarin Clinic, hair transplantation is performed by a skilled and experienced team, with the most modern devices and methods in the world, to minimize the possibility of complications due to hair transplant surgery.